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    The world’s largest iceberg has just broken in two

    A Dec. 17 image shows A-68a after its big split, likely due to a collision with shallow seabed off the shore of South Georgia.

    A Dec. 17 image shows A-68a after its big split, likely due to a collision with shallow seabed off the shore of South Georgia.

    (Image: © ESA)

    The world’s largest iceberg has just broken in two, with a chunk of ice about the size of Queens and the Bronx combined splitting off from the main berg.

    The mammoth A-68a berg first split from Antarctica’s Larsen C ice shelf in 2017,  Live Science previously reported. The giant hunk of ice has been drifting ponderously northward ever since. From the water, A-68a would look a bit like a moving island, with cliffs rising up to 100 feet (30 m) above sea level. As recently as April, it measured 2,000 square miles (5,100 square kilometers), or about as big as three Houstons plus one Chicago (or 1.7 Rhode Islands). 

    Recently, this floating ice-land has been on a collision course with South Georgia Island, a wildlife refuge in the South Atlantic Ocean that’s home to millions of penguins, seals and other wildlife. 

    It’s not clear exactly why the iceberg fractured, but a crash into the shallow seabed several dozen miles from the South Georgia shoreline may have caused the split, according to the European Space Agency (ESA).

    A contour map shows the seafloor in the region where A-68a split and turned.

    A contour map shows the seafloor in the region where A-68a split and turned. (Image credit: British Antarctic Survey/ESA)

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    The ESA’s Copernicus Sentinel-3 mission captured A-68a’s drift toward South Georgia in a series of images between Nov. 29 and Dec. 17.

    A series of images taken over the course of more than two weeks show A-68a approaching South Georgia, then cracking and rotating after impacting an area of shallow seabed offshore.

    A series of images taken over the course of more than two weeks show A-68a approaching South Georgia, then cracking and rotating after impacting an area of shallow seabed offshore. (Image credit: ESA)

    It appears that in recent days the iceberg spun clockwise, moving one of its ends into shallow water, the ESA said. In that region, the seafloor is just 650 feet (200 m) deep, close enough to the surface for the bottom of the iceberg to have scraped against. In the process, the smaller piece — expected to take the name A-68d — likely snapped off.

    It remains to be seen where the iceberg will go from here.

    A map shows how A-68a has moved since cracking off of Larsen C. The blue lines show the historical tracks of other icebergs.

    A map shows how A-68a has moved since cracking off of Larsen C. The blue lines show the historical tracks of other icebergs. (Image credit: contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2020), processed by ESA; Antarctic Iceberg Tracking Database)

    Past chunks of ice have traced similar paths north from the southernmost continent past South Georgia. But there is some concern that if A-68a remains offshore for too long, it could block the nearby waters where the penguins that live on the island feed. 

    “The actual distance [the animals] have to travel to find food (fish and krill) really matters,” Geraint Tarling, an ecologist with the British Antarctic Society, said in a statement. “If they have to do a big detour, it means they’re not going to get back to their young in time to prevent them starving to death in the interim.”

    Future images and observations will likely reveal how much of a threat A-68a will end up posing to the waddling birds.

    After A-68a’s spectacular breakup, another iceberg, farther south in Antarctica’s Weddell Sea, is now the world’s largest at 1,500 square miles (4,000 square km), according to ESA. Its name is A-23a.

    Originally published on Live Science.

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